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  1. Our video investigates what causes of low stopping power after brake rotors were machined Follow Bendix Brakes on Facebook HERE. To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  2. Brake noise is annoying, and a sign that there might be something wrong with your braking system. Our video investigates what causes brake noise and how to prevent them Follow Bendix Brakes on Facebook HERE. To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  3. Hot Import Nights is an Automotive Lifestyle festival which centres on cars, but incorporates much more. The 21year old show originating in the USA had a great second running in Sydney with a bigger venue and more sights and sounds packed in Visit Bendix @: https://www.facebook.com/bendixworkshop/ https://www.youtube.com/user/BendixTV/ https://www.instagram.com/bendixworkshop/
  4. Hot Import Nights is an Automotive Lifestyle festival which centres on cars, but incorporates much more. The 21year old show originating in the USA had a great second running in Sydney with a bigger venue and more sights and sounds packed in. It was good to hear Michael Munar; founder of Hot Import Nights reflect on how the car culture is evolving and we are starting to see greater diversity in builds & also higher quality. This year, along with the cars, we saw Miss HIN ‘18 being crowned, street dance battles, a 3 on 3 basketball competition, RC drift cars, sneaker meet and import models; what better place to go and find the cars of Bendix for December. 1. Jimmy’s 2005 BMW E46 M3 - VPOOR This newly wrapped E46 in Avery Dennison dark gloss grey has a nice and aggressive look thanks to plenty of custom body work & inspiration borrowed from the two limited production E46s – the GTR & the Coupe Sport Leichtbau (CSL). The customised OEM front bar has been finished off with a Status Gruppe front lip & customised lower lip. Running back from the quad xenon headlights you’ll find an OEM GTR styled bonnet with dry carbon vents added by Top Stage, which sits above the GTR style front guards and canards from Aero Image Garage. Down the side you’ll find AGT Styling carbon side skirt extensions which run into a GTR Style rear bar sitting on top of an AeroPerformance diffuser, and topped off with a CSL ducktail bootlid & custom roof wing. The car sits on 18” Volk TE37s wrapped in Nitto NT01 Tyres with Bilstein PSS10 coilovers & Turner MotorSport adjustable camber tops & rear arms. Brakes have also been upgraded with a Big Brake Kit – 6 piston 380mm in the front and 4 piston 345mm in the rear to help Jimmy with a bit more stopping power during track activity. The subframe has been reinforced, TMS Swaybars, a Function Autowerks boot brace & Mason Engineering strut brace have also been added to stiffen up the car. A little bit of weight reduction has also taken place with a CSL carbon fibre intake, SuperSprint catless race exhaust with lightweight race muffler & CCC Motorsport Lightweight flywheel & clutch. The interior is also pretty lush with Macht Shnell billet floor mounted Recaro Sportster CS seats retrimmed in Imola red Nappa leather to match the interior styling, an Alcantara flat base steering wheel, Awron vent gauge, & RTD V4 centre locking shifter. This is all finished off with a half cage & fire extinguisher to make it a track-spec luxury machine. 2. Michael’s 1999 Nissan Silvia S15 - 15MAK One of the cleanest S15s in the country, there has been countless hours poured into Michael’s 15MAK. The car has been widebodied with a mix of Garage Mak pieces with front & rear fenders, front bumper, front splitter, side skirts & canards. This is all set off in Ferrari Rosso Corsa paint; the same shade that you’ll find the F40 in. At the rear, you’ll find an Origin 3D GT Carbon wing sitting above a JSAI Aero rear diffuser. The 18” AME Tracer TM-02 wheels match the canards nicely, and they’re tucked under the guards thanks to the Fortune Auto 510 Series coilovers with Swift Spring upgrades and a combination of Parts Shop Max, SPL Parts, Cusco & Nismo goodies for arms, braces & bushings. Michael has gone with 6 piston front & 4 piston rear brakes. 15MAK still runs on a SR20DET with Stock Internals & T28BB Turbo which runs through a custom 3” exhaust with Magnaflow catalytic converter & resonator, Turbosmart Blow-Off Valve, finished off with an Apexi control valve giving Michael the ability to select between loud & quiet modes. 3. Street Works Team’s 2017 Ford Mustang S550 Coupe Terry and the Street Works Team certainly draw some attention in their widebodied Ford Mustang sporting the Alpha X S550 body kit from Alpha Male Performance which adds a front spoiler with carbon fibre splitter, carbon fibre front canards, over fenders, side skirts with carbon fibre splitters, rear bumper Side Splitters with carbon fibre blades, a rear diffuser & 3 piece ducktail. Thanks to an Air Lift airbag suspension kit there is some serious tuck under the over fenders with a set of RSV Forged 3 piece wheels with 24k Dubai gold on the dish wrapped in Nitto tyres. 4. James’ 1983 Toyota Celica 9LIVES Perhaps this Celica is a cat, or maybe because it’s gone through so many changes that James has plated it 9LIVES. One thing is certain – it does deserve a second, and maybe third look. The late 70s/early 80s charm of the body has been retained with little modification. The majority of the suspension mods have been taken care of by Techno Toy Tuning from the U.S.A. with coilovers, control arms, knuckles, tie rods and roll centre adjusters, combined with Whiteline sway bars. The real work has taken place under the hood as James has managed to squeeze a 2JZ-GE JZA80 Supra motor in there along with triple Weber 45 DCOE Carburetors on a custom intake manifold with 1 ¾” side blast pipes, and a Fenix S13 radiator. The running gear on this Celica Supra is also an impressive feat with a V160 GETRAG gearbox, a Munro Racing 6 puck clutch and Toyota Racing Development 1.5 way LSD. 5. Erin & Adam’s Nissan S14 Silvia – These guys were in good company, having only finished the car the night before Hot Import Nights, and starting to tune it on the drive over. The car looks immaculate in the Nissan Pearl White paint with an Origin Labo Stylish kit, 30mm JSAI widebody front guards in BN Style and 50mm BN Sports widebody rear guards. Inside there is a Work 6 point roll cage, Recaro seats all around with SR3s in the front and custom trimmed in the rear, and a Nardi steering wheel. The real magic happens under the bonnet with an SR20DET running HKS 264 cams, Tomei cam gears, valve springs & head gasket , and ARP headstuds. The GT2871 Turbo is by Garrett, and everything is managed with a Link ECU. A custom stainless 3 ½” exhaust brings the noise. Under the car you’ll find a GKTech solid subframe which holds an RB25 gearbox, Ogura twin plate clutch & KAAZ 2 way LSD. HSD provide the coilovers and get the car sitting nicely on the Work VSXX Wheel. 6. Oz Mover’s 2016 Daihatsu Copen Sedan – LBGTK Kei-cars are almost exclusively sold in Japan. The translation is literally “light automobile” and are the Japanese legal category for the smallest and most limited power, highway-legal motor vehicles. It’s not often that you’ll see one of these driving the streets. Even more rare is to see one decked out like this; the first of its kind in Australia. It has been fitted with a Liberty Walk Daihatsu Copen GT-K kit which transforms the car to look like a widebodied Nissan GTR, complete with GT Wing and quad tip mufflers. The Work Meister CR01 3 piece rims complete the look, matching very nicely with the decals. 7. Steven’s BMW E36 Convertible Steven’s E36 has been kitted out with a Pandem Rocket Bunny Aero kit, painted in BMW Daytona Violet, and dropped to the ground with AIRBFT struts in an Airlift management system. The 18” BBS RS 16” to 18” Triple Step Slant wheels complete the look. Steven gives us a little insight into the origin story for this build: “The E36 has always been a favourite shape of the older BMWs and the convertible; you can say it’s a midlife crisis. The plan was to restore it to its prime until a lady hit me at a round-about. I brought it to Auto Elements for an inspection and said why don’t we go wild! Hot Import Nights was coming up, they hooked me up with Ronnie from Carbon Plus and now I own a Pandem E36 in one my favourite colours in the world.” ==== The interior is soon to be redone, with M3 seats and a few other touches. An engine swap is also planned in the future as well. Visit Bendix @: https://www.facebook.com/bendixworkshop/ https://www.youtube.com/user/BendixTV/ https://www.instagram.com/bendixworkshop/
  5. Bendix would like to wish everyone a very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. We are humbled with the responses to our tech and Cars of Bendix program, and would like to thank everyone for making 2018 such a great success. We look forward to sharing more brake information, car culture and great offers in 2019. Our Forum Admins will be on holiday leave from Saturday 22nd December 2018, and will be back in the office on Monday 7th January 2019. Also, our CRM team at Ballarat will be away from Monday 24th December 2018 and will be back on the 2nd January 2019. If you have an urgent inquiry during the holiday period please call the Bendix Brake Advice Centre on 1800 819 666 or contact us directly using the contact form here: http://www.bendix.com.au/content/contact-bendix For updates and news visit our Facebook page To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  6. This is not your average Mitsubishi Evo 8, built and owned by father and son team Mark and Paul at their Kustom Kraft Fabrications workshop in Western Sydney it’s a testament to good old Aussie engineering. What’s different about a modified Evo I hear you say? How about a rear wheel drive drift car! When we asked Mark why he built this unconventional car he said, “I choose the Evo for something different, it’s not your everyday drift car” That is for sure, check out the video and you can see the build quality and man hours that have gone into this project, Bendix Street Road Track brake pads are stoked to be on board! Visit: https://www.facebook.com/bendixworkshop/ https://www.youtube.com/user/bendixTV/ https://www.instagram.com/bendixworkshop/
  7. The Nissan X-Trail SUV is a large five-seat SUV with the option to upgrade to seven seats for those needing to accommodate larger families, hence the appeal of this original SUV crossovers which started production all the way back in 2000. With so many models sold over the 17 years and 3 generations of X-Trail there is still a high demand for this SUV in Australia (Ranking top 5 for SUV sales in Australia 2017). It’s not surprising that automotive workshops are now stocking brake pads on the shelf for X-Trail models. Bendix have developed the 4WD SUV brake pads for those consumers who are more likely to be towing/ carrying larger loads or driving outside of the metropolitan area on dirt roads. First generation T30 2000- 2007 In Australia the T30 was made available in standard ST, mid spec ST-S, high spec Ti and luxury spec Ti-L, with limited editions ST-X, ST-R, ST-S 40th anniversary models. Initially powered by a QR25DE 2.5 L four-cylinder engine initially producing 132 kW in 4WD and 2WD models. The X-Trail was equipped with full electric windows, electric mirrors, single CD player, two airbags and remote central locking. ST-S adds sunroof, alloy wheels, climate control, six disk CD player and fog lamps which was a fairly decent specification at the time for an SUV. Second generation T31 2007-2013 To be fair the second generation of X-Trail did not really see massive improvements in looks or specification. It maintained its box like physical appearance and the 2.5 litre petrol engine remained with still a choice of 4WD and 2WD transmissions. What was new in the line-up was the 2 Litre clean diesel engine making a tidy 130 KW and 350 NM of torque. Third generation 2013- Present What’s clear in the latest generation of X-Trail is that Nissan has followed the modern trend of softer, more family-friendly motoring with an on-road bias, as opposed to something more utilitarian like the first- and second-generation X-Trails. Nissan has five main variant lines spanning from the ST, ST-L, Ti, up to the diesel-only TS and TL variants. Continuing for the petrol models is the 2.0-litre four-cylinder developing 106kW, and the 2.5-litre four-cylinder producing 126kW. Both 4WD and 2WD options are on offer, along with a six-speed manual or CVT automatic, depending on the engine and trim level. Braking systems have remained unchanged in the 17 years of production for the X-Trail with Bendix producing the 4WD SUV brake pad compound to suit most consumer driving needs. Part numbers:
 Front brakes available in 4WD/ SUV
 DB1946-4WD Front brake pads available in 4WD SUV from Bendix Rear brakes available in 4WD/ SUV
 DB1509-4WD Rear brake pads available in 4WD SUV from Bendix About Bendix 4WD SUV brake pads: Bendix 4WD/SUV pads are manufactured for extreme strength and structural integrity utilising the best available technology. Bendix 4WD/SUV brake pads are built to withstand heat build-up that comes from frequent braking in heavy city traffic one day and towing or outback driving the next. All 4WD/SUV front pads are grooved which significantly improves performance especially when trekking off road. The groove is used to help expel any water, dust or dirt that comes into contact with the pad which becomes more prevalent when travelling off the beaten track. Find out more about the 4WD SUV click HERE.
 To find your nearest Bendix stockist, click HERE.
 For the latest Bendix news and updates, visit our Facebook page
  8. If you have encountered steering vibrations under braking, chances are that your brake rotors have DTV (Disk Thickness Variation) To eliminate this issue, your brake rotors will require machining or replacing completely. In the video below we go into further details about Steering Vibrations. Follow Bendix Brakes on Facebook HERE. To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  9. In this edition of Cars of Bendix, we visited the All Datsun Day car show in Western Sydney and we picked out our favourite 8 cars of this edition's Cars Of Bendix. Follow Bendix on Facebook by clicking HERE. To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  10. The 9th Annual Datsun Day saw the 50th Anniversary celebration of the iconic Datsun 1600. This event was one of the most well attended in all their years, with sunny weather and set in the car park of iconic Ettamogah Pub in Western Sydney it was a great place to search out our Cars of Bendix. Rob's Green 1200 Coupe This very tidy 1200 Coupe is near perfect! The CA18 is pushing close to 400kW thanks to the GT3076 turbo, backed by a 4 speed auto that runs into a Borg Warner LSD. Inside the cabin sits a custom dash, with a Momo steering wheel and Velo racing seats, which Rob is looking to re-trim in the near future. The Mazda 2 Spirited Green Metallic paint, with a touch of gold spec through really sets this little Datsun off. Every inch of its old metal has been carefully restored and every piece of plastic trim refurbished or replaced, it’s a true joy to look at the craftmanship in this car. Mark's 1977 Cedric 260C Hardtop If you were after a VIP ride in the late 70s, this car would certainly be at the top of the list. Mark was lucky enough to pick up his Australian delivered 1977 H330 from a little old lady who had owned it for over 20 years. It came with all the bells and whistles - aircon, power steering, 4 speed auto, electric windows, velour interior & electric aerial, very high-tech for its time. Another retro addition was the roof console, making it feel like the cockpit of an airplane. The L26 engine is enough to give this 1,440kg beast a comfy ride and has seen the car doing a few interstate trips to Melbourne and back. Being a co-owner of Barrel Bros Quality Wheels, the car is constantly changing her 14" shoes; currently sporting a set of Super Star Co. SS-03s. There are some strong American influences in the exterior styling of the car which really makes it a one of a kind. Obi's 1984 DR30 RSX Skyline Just one of 3 cars owned by Obi that made it out to Datsun day, this DR30 is pushing 210kW at the rear wheels powered by a Stewart Wilkins build FJ20T engine. The engine is set up with forged internals, aftermarket cams, 6 Boost manifold coupled to a larger turbo and front mount intercooler. The wheels and ride height, mixed in with the touring car wing from the 80s really give the DR30 Skyline that race inspired feel which brings us to an Interesting fact, a Skyline DR30 claimed pole position in the 86 Bathurst 1000 with Gary Scott behind wheel with an amazing time of 2m17.6s and ended third in the race overall. Aden's 1967 1000 2 Door Sedan This little beauty certainly turns heads, not just in the aesthetic department either, having won a number of events around Mount Panorama, and holding the mountain straight hill climb record for sports sedans 1300-2000cc. Under the hood sits a high compression CA18DE race engine with custom camshafts, solid lifters, forged bottom end, custom ITBs with stand-off injection & baffled sump, just to start…. Aden has more plans in the (Race)works for more power with a complete engine refresh. The body has also had an extensive amount of work done too with hand-made fibreglass front guards, hand fabricated aluminium door skins & rear wing chord from a mid 90’s HSV V8 supercar with alloy end plates. The custom paint is modelled on the 70's BRE scheme from USA and set off with red SSR MKII wheels with slick tyres. Michael's 1970 Datsun 1600 A long running project of Michael’s since the car was purchased completely stock when he was just the age of 15. It has changed colours 3 times, 4 engines and countless suspension & brake setups, I think it’s fair to say Michael loves modifying his 1600! The engine is a SR20VE head on an S15 SR20 block fitted with SR16VE N1 cams, SR16 pistons with shaved heads, BC valve springs, modified Nissan S15 Silvia Autech Fujitsubo headers and a set of Toyota AE111 Blacktop 20V ITBs. It is all run through a Haltech Elite 750 with wide band O2 sensor and is tuned on E85. Underneath the car sits an SR20 Gearbox, R180 longnose diff with 4.875 final drive ratios and rear adjustable cross member. The front coilovers are custom HR31 Skyline struts, with S13 calipers, whist the rears are ground control coilovers with R31 brake calipers. Bodywise the Datto has custom metal flares with 15” Watanabe wheels fitted under them, a BRE style front spoiler with the fender mirrors from a Datsun 510, as are the rear tail lights. This car is a piece of 1600 perfectionism! Datsunville's 240Z The Datsunville 1972 Datsun 240Z has just had a small refresh of its RB25/30 engine; first built 20 years ago, the first of its kind. It's now making 426kW with the addition of twin GT2871R Turbos, a Jatco 4 speed Auto transmission, an R200 3.9 Diff, and a hefty cannon at the tail end of the exhaust. Looking around the engine bay you can see the attention to detail with quality parts used to extract every ounce of performance and reliability. The 17/7.5 zepters rims are really set off against the sleek black paint. This 240Z is purposeful and menacing with its sharp front end and piercing headlights it could give any modern supercar a run for its money with low weight and big power. Follow Bendix on Facebook by clicking HERE. To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  11. The Bendix Brake Cleaner spray bottle (BBL1-PUMP) is specifically designed for use with hydrocarbon-based solvents, lubricants and petroleum products, applicable for brake cleaning, vehicle bodyworks, machinery and engine cleaning, degreasing, waterproofing and de-waxing fluids. The Bendix Brake Cleaner spray bottle offers a number of features: a) WIDE filling aperture (60mm) for easy refilling and minimise risk of chemical spill. c) VISIBLE liquid level – Translucent tank with liquid level indication. b) SAFETY valve with depressurization option. d) ERGONOMIC pump and handle for comfortable operating. f) SUITABLE material nozzle and high quality O-ring and gasket to withstand brake cleaner active ingredient. e) PROTECTIVE sleeve – To prevent direct chemical contact and wear and tear on the gasket, hence extend lifespan and usage. Product Testing The sprayer has been tested with several high concentrations of the most common solvents, for example: a) Naptha b) Xylene c) White Spirit d) Decane e) Heptane The sprayer has also been tested in extreme conditions to ensure no leakage, deformation, pressure loss, or pumping mechanism failure and that the valve and seal maintain there integrity. The product was tested at: a) Maximum operation pressure at 14.5 PSI (3 bar) b) 40 Degrees Celsius c) For 15 days Follow Bendix on Facebook by clicking HERE. To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  12. As many in the trade know the CX-5 was first vehicle Mazda built entirely without the support of ex-partners Ford, and it’s the first to use Mazda’s new ‘SKYACTIV’ platform. The CX-5 is still a relatively young platform and has only gone through one facelift in 2015 and a new model launch in 2017. With the medium SUV market the largest for new car sales across 2018 and the Mazda CX-5 sales in August reaching 2,599 models sold (the CX-5 was the 5th most purchased vehicle in Australia) and the CX-5 the top selling SUV in 2017 this would be the right time for workshops to start stocking brake pads on the shelf for this high selling vehicle model. 2012- 2017 KE Mazda CX-5- First Generation The Australian production of the Mazda CX-5 was first introduced in 2012 and was available in Maxx, Maxx Sport, Grand Touring and Akera variants. The initial models were available in either a 2.0 gasoline engine or a diesel engine with front wheel drive and all-wheel drive as options (only the 2.0 was available with FWD). Automatic was standard on all wheel drive models (manual was available on the 2.0 gasoline Maxx FWD) The braking system remained the same across the variants making it simple to keep Bendix Brake pads on the shelf. We recommend using the Bendix 4WD/ SUV pad in the Mazda CX-5. Bendix Part Numbers: Front brake pads DB2226 4WD/SUV Bendix 4WD SUV compound Rear brake pads DB2414 4WD/SUV 2015 On - Bendix 4WD SUV compound Rear brake pads DB2227 4WD/SUV 2012 On - Bendix 4WD SUV compound 2017 to present KF Mazda CX-5- Second Generation The second generation CX-5 was unveiled with an overhauled design and new tech at the 2016 at the Los Angeles Auto Show. It arrived in Australia in 2017 with updates to the SKYACTIV-G 2.5 gasoline and SKYACTIV-D 2.2 diesel engines and a new sharper image. Underneath the braking system remains unchanged and still uses the same brake pad as the first KE generation. About Bendix 4WD SUV brake pads: Bendix 4WD/SUV pads are manufactured for extreme strength and structural integrity utilising the best available technology. Bendix 4WD/SUV brake pads are built to withstand heat build-up that comes from frequent braking in heavy city traffic one day and towing or outback driving the next. All 4WD/SUV front pads are grooved which significantly improves performance especially when trekking off road. The groove is used to help expel any water, dust or dirt that comes into contact with the pad which becomes more prevalent when travelling off the beaten track. Find out more about the 4WD SUV click HERE. To find your nearest Bendix stockist, click HERE. For the latest Bendix news and updates, visit our Facebook page.
  13. In this edition of Cars of Bendix, we visited 'Last Minute Meet' hosted by Tuned. at Sydney Motorsport Park. Despite the unpredictable weather Sydney have been hit with, a diverse mix of cars still came down for the show and we picked out our favourite 8 cars of this edition's Cars Of Bendix. Follow Bendix on Facebook by clicking HERE. To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au
  14. It is often said that brake pad manufacture involves more art than science, but this is generally not true. In fact, with more than 2000 materials and substances that are available to brake pad manufacturers, a scientific approach to brake pad manufacture is a requirement and luck can therefore have no part in the formulation of brake pad friction materials. Thus, if you have ever wondered what ingredients, substances, and materials go into the making of modern, high-quality brake pads, this article will answer all the questions you have ever wanted to ask, starting with answering this question: Are Aftermarket Brake Pads just as good as OEM? As with everything else in life, you get what you pay for, but in the case of Bendix brake pads, your customers pay for brake pads that meet, and often exceed OEM specifications in terms of durability, reliability, and smooth, silent operation. In fact, Bendix brake pads include several proprietary technologies such as their Blue Titanium Stripe that eliminates bedding-in, and Stealth Advanced Technology that ensures the optimum pad/rotor contact area to prevent overheating and brake fade in applicable applications. Given the above, it is fair to say that Bendix ranks high among the aftermarket brake pad manufactures that meet, and often exceed OEM brake pad performance levels on a consistent basis, so yes, aftermarket brake pads often outperform OEM brake pads, provided you fit Bendix brake pads to your customers’ vehicles. So, what goes into a Brake Pad? While brake pad manufacturers never publish the exact formulations of their brake friction materials, and are in many jurisdictions not obligated to, this article can only provide an overview of the materials that are most commonly used in brake pad manufacture. Consider the chart below. This chart is the result of diligent research, and it that shows the average percentages of the main categories of materials that are most commonly included in the products of most reputable brake pad manufacturers. As stated elsewhere, brake pad manufactures have a list of more than 2000 substances they can use legally, but since limited space precludes listing all 2000 substances here we will cover only some of the most commonly used materials, and explain what functions these substances have in the overall formulation of brake pad friction materials, starting with- Binders Fibre glass functions both as a binding agent and a structural material, and can comprise between 5% and 25% of the total volume of the friction material, depending on the application Phenolic resins are most commonly derived from cashew nut shells, and functions as both binding agents and performance enhancers. These resins typically account for between 10% and 20% of the total friction material volume, depending on the application Abrasives Mineral fillers derived from quartz or synthesised silicates are used as abrasives to enhance friction, and can account for between 5% and 35% of the total volume. Note that mineral fibres are typically not used in metallic brake pads Oxides of various metals, typically iron oxide and aluminium oxide, function as both abrasives and fillers/binders in metallic and semi-metallic brake pads. Note that it is almost certain that even so-called “organic” brake pads will contain a small percentage of metallic oxides. Depending on the application, oxides of metal can account for up to 70% of the total volume of the friction material Brass filings or chips are used to boost friction in wet conditions. Depending on the application, brass chips can account for up to 5% of the total volume of the friction material Pure carbon fibre is used as both an abrasive and a binder in mostly racing brake pads, although minute quantities of carbon fibre is present in some performance oriented aftermarket brake pads, with the price of the brake pads being a somewhat reliable indicator of how much, or how little carbon fibre is present in the pads. Performance enhancers Cashew resin derived from cashew nut shells is used to resist brake fade, and to reduce, if not eliminate brake squeal. Depending on the application, cashew resin can account for up to 20% of the total volume of the friction material Carbon in various forms exists in most brake pads, and it is commonly used as both a cheap friction booster and/or a lubricant, depending on the application. Carbon can account for up to 30% of the total volume of the friction material Metal sulphides such as copper sulphide, lead sulphide, or antimony sulphide are used to stabilise friction coefficients across a wide range of brake operating temperatures. Depending on the application and the particular sulphide(s) used, sulphides can account for up to about 30% of the total volume of the friction material Calcium hydroxide (lime) is used as a rust inhibitor in both metallic and semi-metallic brake pads “Friction powder” is a generic term that applies to proprietary blends of several (usually unspecified) compounds that all brake pad manufacturers use for a wide variety of purposes and functions. Typically, though, friction powder is used as a flame retardant, friction modifier, lubricant to reduce dust creation, and brake noises. There is no verifiable information available on the average friction powder content of high quality brake friction materials Fillers Fillers such as barium sulphate, potassium titanate, common household steel wool, and rubber derived from recycled tyres are commonly used to bulk up the total volume of a friction material formulation. Although the filler content of brake pads vary widely, these substances are used mainly to increase the wear resistance of brake pads Structural enhancers Mineral-based fibres that are spun from alumina, silica, calcia, magnesia, and vermiculite are commonly used to strengthen the overall structure of brake pads, although these fibres are also used to resist brake fade caused by high brake temperatures. Depending on the application, mineral fibres can account for between 10% and 20% of the total volume of the friction material, but note that mineral fibres are typically not used in metallic brake pads Ceramic materials occur in an enormous variety, and provided that any given brake pad contains actual ceramic material and not common clay, the ceramic component of the pad can fulfil any of the functions any of the other substances listed here, and in some cases, a brake pad can consist of nothing but highly refined ceramic. However, the problem with ceramics is that many brake pad manufactures define the word “ceramic” very loosely, with the result that many semi-metallic and even some organic brake pads are labelled as “ceramic” when in fact, there is no, or very little ceramic materials present in the pads. Copper is commonly used in ceramic brake pads in small percentages to prevent brake fade, but also as a lubricant to reduce brake noise. Note though that since the use of copper in brake friction material has been banned in some jurisdictions, copper may have been replaced in some friction material formulations by hexagonal boron nitride Kevlar in various forms is used in some specialised applications as a friction booster, but there is no verifiable information available regarding other possible uses. Note though that very few, if any brake pad formulations contain more than about 3% Kevlar. At this point, astute readers will have noticed two things; the first being that the number of friction material ingredients listed above represents only a small fraction of the possible total, and the second being that the numbers listed above do not add up to 100%. The latter point is because no brake pad manufacturer will ever list complete lists of ingredients and percentages, but despite this, the items and numbers listed above cover the most ground, which brings us to- Which type of brake pad is the best? While there is no clear, unambiguous answer to this question, reputable brake pad manufacturers like Bendix produce brake pads for specific applications, each of which works better on the application it was designed for than on any other. However, there are five main categories of brake pads, and while choosing the best formulation within each category for a given application is not always easy, it helps to understand that there are few, if any purely metallic, ceramic, semi-metallic, or organic brake pads on the market anywhere in the world. Nonetheless, Bendix produces high quality brake pads in each of these main categories, but it must be understood that given the extensive list of requirements a particular friction material formulation must satisfy, it is common for brake pad manufacturers to mix and match the characteristics and ingredients of two or more categories of brake pads to obtain the best results in a particular application. In fact, it would be fair to say that brake pads should therefore really be marketed as “predominantly ceramic”, “mainly metallic”, “mostly semi-metallic”, or “largely organic”. Having said that though, below are some details of the chief characteristics and advantages of each of the four main brake pad categories- Metallic brake pads Excellent wear resistance, which is their single biggest advantage over other types of brake pad Outperforms most other types of brake pads at high brake temperatures The disadvantage of metallic brake pads is that they are often not compatible with brake rotors on some high-end applications, which could result in severe brake noise and/or rapid wear of both pads and rotors. Semi-metallic pads These pads offer the best possible compromise between wear resistance, performance, and quiet operation Most new vehicles are factory fitted with semi-metallic brake pads, even though they are more expensive than metallic pads and organic pads Most high quality aftermarket brake pads produced by reputable manufacturers are of the semi-metallic variety While semi-metallic brake pads typically do not outperform competing types in any particular area, these pads offer satisfactory performance in all areas, which makes them a great choice for variable driving conditions, with the exception of track racing or other motor sport applications. Organic brake pads Quiet and smooth operation, which is their single biggest advantage Outperforms other types of brake pads at lower brake temperatures, which makes them an excellent choice for city-driving conditions The disadvantages of organic pads include the facts that they are not particularly hardwearing, and that due to their composition they overheat easily, which destroys their ability to withstand brake fade. Ceramic brake pads Ceramic pads offer excellent performance in all the important areas; they outlast all other types of brake pads even under extreme operating conditions, they are quieter and produce less brake dust than all other types of brake pads, and they offer the best performance over the widest range of brake temperatures and operating conditions However, both pure ceramic and semi-metallic brake pads that contain significant amounts of ceramic are the most expensive categories of brake pads for all applications, which makes them unattractive options for customers on budgets. Film transfer brake pads These are specialised brake pads in which the formulation of the friction material is designed to transfer some of the friction material to the rotor in the form of a thin film. In practice, these pads do not act on the rotating rotor directly; instead, the thin coating of friction material that was deposited onto the rotor forms a barrier between the pad surface and the rotor surface, but since the film and the pad consist of the same material, braking action is greatly increased. This characteristic makes this type of pad an excellent choice for drivers who do a lot of towing, or who participate in motor sports that place high, if not extreme demands on brake components. However, the biggest disadvantages of film transfer pads are that very specific bedding-in procedures must be followed and that very high brake temperatures are required for the transfer of friction material to take place. As a practical matter though, since the required temperatures are seldom, if ever reached during normal driving, film transfer brake pads are not recommended for normal street use. Conclusion From the above, it should be obvious that there is no single “best” brake pad that will satisfy all the requirements of all applications under all possible operating conditions. Nonetheless, brake pads are life-and-limb components on any vehicle, and as such, it is incumbent on us as experienced technicians not only to learn as much about brake pads as we can, but also to be aware of both the characteristics and limitations of the various types of brake pads. More information about brake pads in general, and specific recommendations for various applications in particular, is available at To learn more about the Bendix Brakes range of products visit: www.bendix.com.au Follow Bendix on Facebook by clicking HERE.
  15. In Episode 15 of cars of Bendix we visit ToyotaFest in western Sydney. To find your nearest Bendix stockist, click HERE. For the latest Bendix news and updates, visit our Facebook page


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